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  • Writer's pictureAbu Hurara

Ground Source Heat Pump


A ground source heat pump (also known as a geothermal heat pump) is a form of building heating/cooling system that employs a heat pump to transfer heat to or from the ground, taking advantage of the earth's relatively constant temperatures throughout the seasons. Ground source heat pumps or geothermal heat pumps in North America – are among the most energy-efficient technologies for providing HVAC and water heating with significantly less energy than can be achieved by burning a fuel in a boiler/furnace or using resistive electric heaters.

Efficiency is measured by a coefficient of performance (CoP), which is usually in the range of 3–6, indicating that the device produces 3–6 units of heat for every unit of electricity consumed. Due to the need to build ground loops over wide areas or drill boreholes, setup costs are higher than conventional heating systems, and air source heat pumps are employed instead. If you live in Arkansas, Tennessee, and Mississippi, you can contact a geothermal expert in case of any problem.

Working Of Ground Source Heat Pump

A ground loop (a network of underground water pipes) and a ground-level heating system make up ground source heat pump systems. A solution of water and antifreeze is pumped around the ground loop, absorbing the heat stored naturally in the earth. The compressed water mixture passes via a heat exchanger, which extracts the heat and sends it to the heat pump. Your home's heating system then gets the heat.

  • Fluid is used to absorb heat from the ground in a ground source heat pump.

  • The fluid is compressed and heated to a higher temperature using electricity.

  • The remaining heat is stored in a hot water cylinder and distributed to radiators or underfloor heating.

  • Showers, bathtubs, and taps can all benefit from the hot water that has been stored.

How Much Space Do I Require?

For the system to be implemented, you'll need a large enough garden that can accommodate digging machines. The size of your ground loop is determined by the size of your house and the amount of heat you require.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Ground Source Heat Pump

Although ground source heat pumps emit less CO2 than traditional heating systems, they still require power to operate. That implies they won't be totally carbon-free until the electricity comes from a renewable source. According to the Energy Saving Trust, depending on whose heating system you're replacing, a 'typical' ground source heat pump might save you up to £1,400 per year or add up to £65 to your annual heating bill.

The Renewable Heat Incentive scheme pays householders who install a heat pump between £2,335 and £2,750 per year for an average four-bedroom detached property. Ground-source heat pumps have a lot of advantages. You can call experts in the different states of America if you want to know about the ground source heat pump.

Advantages Of Ground Source Heat Pump

Financial Help: is available to help with the cost of a ground source heat pump.

Efficiency: The pump that circulates the liquid in the ground loop must be powered by electricity. However, you obtain between two and four units of heat for every unit of power used by the pump, making this a cost-effective approach to heat a structure.

Reduced costs: less expensive Economy seven different electricity tariffs can be employed to reduce the cost of electricity used to run the heat pump.

Disadvantages Of Ground Source Heat Pump

Installation is costly: installing a ground source heat pump is expensive. According to the EST, the cost of installing a system ranges from £10,000 to £18,000, depending on its size (not including the cost of installing underfloor heating, if needed).

Disruptive Construction: If space is limited and a borehole is necessary, planning approval may be required.

Requirements: they are often incompatible with buildings that already have central gas-fired heating. Because the technology operates at lower temperatures, it's best for homes with underfloor heating or huge radiators.

Is it true that ground-source heat pumps are efficient?

Because it employs a sustainable, natural source of heat - the ground – a ground source heat pump system can help you reduce your carbon footprint. According to the Energy Saving Trust, replacing an old electric heating system (with storage heaters) or a coal heating system with a heat pump with a mid-efficiency efficiency saves the most carbon. A heat pump also requires an additional source of power, typically electricity, to operate. As a result, there will be some CO2 emissions. You can contact geothermal experts in Arkansas, Tennessee, and Mississippi in case of any problem.

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